Prediction of the extent and variation of grapefruit juice-drug interactions from the pharmacokinetic profile in the absence of grapefruit juice

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a method for predicting the extent of grapefruit juice (GFJ)-drug interactions and their interindividual variations from the pharmacokinetic profile in the absence of GFJ. The pharmacokinetic profiles of 13 drugs after intravenous and oral administration were used to develop and validate the method. For each drug, the proportion absorbed into the intestine and the intestinal availability (Fg) were calculated from clinical data taken from the literature. Then, the AUC ratio (the ratio of the AUC with GFJ to that without GFJ) was predicted by assuming that Fg was 1.0 when GFJ was concomitantly ingested. According to the developed method, the AUC ratio of felodipine was 2.50 and its coefficient of variation (CV) was 45%, which agreed well with the observed AUC ratio of 2.48 and CV of 51%. Although the developed method overestimated the AUC ratios of some drugs such as nisoldipine, no underestimation occurred. The predicted CV values were consistent with those observed. The developed method might be useful to predict the AUC ratio, along with its interindividual variation, from the pharmacokinetic profile in the absence of grapefruit juice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-381
Number of pages9
JournalBiopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 1

Keywords

  • CYP3A4
  • drug interactions
  • first pass metabolism
  • grapefruit
  • intestine
  • modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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