Predictive factors of early recurrence in patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma after pancreaticoduodenectomy

Yasuhiro Ito, Yuta Abe, Tomohisa Egawa, Minoru Kitago, Osamu Itano, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim. To determine the factors associated with early recurrence in patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Patients and Methods. Sixty-one patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma were enrolled. The clinical data and histopathological findings were collected retrospectively. Results. Patients were divided into two groups as follows: 16 patients (26%) with early recurrence and 45 patients (74%) with late recurrence or no recurrence. In a univariate analysis, lymph node metastases (P = 0 0016), lymphatic invasion (P < 0 0001), pancreatic invasion (P = 0 0006), and perineural invasion (P = 0 0004) were significantly different between the two groups. In a multivariate analysis, a higher incidence of lymphatic invasion was the only independent risk factor for early recurrence (odds ratio: 5.772, 95% confidence interval: 1.123-29.682, P = 0 036). Moreover, the disease-free survival and overall survival of patients with a higher incidence of lymphatic invasion were significantly worse compared with those of patients with a lower incidence of lymphatic invasion (P < 0 001). Conclusions. Our study showed that a higher incidence of lymphatic invasion was a significant predictor of early recurrence in patients with distal cholangiocarcinoma. Therefore, lymphatic invasion might be useful in determining the optimal adjuvant therapy in the early postoperative stage for distal cholangiocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6431254
JournalGastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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