Preengraftment Serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Value May Predict Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease and Nonrelapse Mortality after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Shigeo Fuji, Sung Won Kim, Takahiro Fukuda, Shin ichiro Mori, Satoshi Yamasaki, Yuriko Morita-Hoshi, Fusako Ohara-Waki, Yuji Heike, Kensei Tobinai, Ryuji Tanosaki, Yoichi Takaue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a mouse model, inflammatory cytokines play a primary role in the development of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). Here, we retrospectively evaluated whether the preengraftment C-reactive protein (CRP) value, which is used as a surrogate marker of inflammation, could predict posttransplant complications including GVHD. Two hundred twenty-four adult patients (median age, 47 years; range: 18-68 years) underwent conventional stem cell transplantation (CST, n = 105) or reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation (RIST, n = 119). Patients were categorized according to the maximum CRP value during neutropenia: the "low-CRP" group (CRP < 15 mg/dL, n = 157) and the "high-CRP" group (CRP ≥ 15 mg/dL, n = 67). The incidence of documented infections during neutropenia was higher in the high-CRP group (34% versus 17%, P = .004). When patients with proven infections were excluded, the CRP value was significantly lower after RIST than after CST (P = .017) or after related than after unrelated transplantation (P < .001). A multivariate analysis showed that male sex, unrelated donor, and HLA-mismatched donor were associated with high CRP values. The high-CRP group developed significantly more grade II-IV aGVHD (P = .01) and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (P < .001), but less relapse (P = .02). The present findings suggest that the CRP value may reflect the net degree of tissue damage because of the conditioning regimen, infection, and allogeneic immune reactions, all of which lead to subsequent aGVHD and NRM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-517
Number of pages8
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute graft-versus-host disease
  • Allogeneic transplantation
  • C-reactive protein
  • Nonrelapse mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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