Paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded liposomes were developed with the goal of enhancing the effects of cancer treatment. Although loading substances into the lipid membrane of liposome cause some destabilization of the lipid membrane, PTX was nearly exclusively embedded in the lipid membrane of liposomes, due to its low water solubility. Hydrophobic drugs can be encapsulated into the inner core of bovine serum albumin (BSA)-encapsulated liposomes (BSA-liposome) via noncovalent binding to albumin. Since PTX is able to noncovalently bind to albumin, we attempted to prepare PTX-loaded BSA-liposome (PTX-BSA-liposome). The amount of PTX loaded in the BSA-liposome could be increased substantially by using ethanol, since ethanol increases PTX solubility in BSA solutions via prompting the binding PTX to BSA. On the basis of the results of transmission electron microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering, PTX-BSA-liposome formed unilamellar vesicles that were spherical in shape and the PTX was encapsulated into the inner aqueous core of the liposome as a form of PTX-BSA complex. In addition, the PTX-BSA-liposome, as well as nab-PTX, showed cytotoxicity against human pancreatic cancer cells, AsPC-1 cells, in a PTX concentration-dependent manner. The in vivo antitumor effect of PTX-BSA-liposomes was also observed in a mouse model that had been subcutaneously inoculated with pancreatic cancer cells by virtue of its high accumulation at the tumor site via the enhanced permeability retention effect. These results suggest that PTX-BSA-liposomes have the potential for serving as a novel PTX preparation method for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)