Preparation of ∼1 nm Gold Clusters Confined within Mesoporous Silica and Microwave-Assisted Catalytic Application for Alcohol Oxidation

Yongmei Liu, Hironori Tsunoyama, Tomoki Akita, Tatsuya Tsukuda

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113 Citations (Scopus)


A simple, effective method has been demonstrated to immobilize ∼1 nm Au clusters within mesoporous silicas (SBA-15, MCF, HMS) using triphenylphosphine-protected Au11 (Au11:TPP) clusters as precursors, which were deposited on the silica surface in an organic medium. A unique feature of this method is the ability to disperse Au11:TPP homogeneously over a large surface area by optimizing the solvent-mediated interaction. The Au11:TPP-silica composite was then carefully calcined to remove the protecting ligands while suppressing the aggregation of the resulting Au clusters. For SBA-supported Au clusters, the absence of the surface plasmon band in the reflectance spectrum indicated that contamination by AuNPs larger than 2 nm was negligibly small. The Au cluster size supported on SBA was estimated to be 0.8 ± 0.3 nm by HAADF-STEM observations. The SBA-supported Au clusters exhibited catalytic activity for oxidation of various alcohols by H2O2 under microwave irradiation and were found to be reusable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13457-13461
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 6
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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