Preparation of conductive Cu1.5Mn1.5O4 and Mn3O4 spinel mixture powders as positive active materials in rechargeable Mg batteries operative at room temperature

Hayato Takemitsu, Yoshihiro Hayashi, Hiroto Watanabe, Toshihiko Mandai, Shunsuke Yagi, Yuya Oaki, Hiroaki Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We prepared conductive mixtures of Cu1.5Mn1.5O4 and Mn3O4 spinels (CMO–MOs) as positive electrode active materials in rechargeable Mg batteries (RMBs) using a sol–gel complex polymerization method. The CMO–MO spinel mixtures with high specific surface areas above 100 m2 g−1 were obtained with mild calcination in Ar at 300 °C. The conductivity of CMO–MOs was estimated to be approximately 1000 times higher than that of a conventional MgMn2O4 (MMO) spinel powder. The discharge capacities evaluated using 2032-type coin-cell battery with a Mg-alloy negative electrode at room temperature increase with an increase in the specific surface area of the spinel powders. The specific surface area for providing the theoretical capacity of the conductive CMO–MOs was about one-third that of the insulative MMO. High specific surface area and high conductivity are key parameters for the positive active material to realize practical room-temperature operation of RMBs. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Complex polymerization
  • Metal negative electrode battery
  • Positive electrode material
  • Propylene oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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