Prestroke anticoagulation and paroxysmal type are correlated with favorable outcome in ischemic stroke patients with atrial fibrillation

Haruhiko Hoshino, Yoshiaki Itoh, Hiroaki Kimura, Koichi Miyaki, Norihiro Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), which often precedes permanent AF, is reported to be a risk factor for milder ischemic stroke. We assessed whether the type of AF and prestroke treatment with an anticoagulant were associated with physical disabilities in patients with AF-related acute ischemic stroke. We identified 162 consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients with AF who were admitted to our hospital over a 3-year period. Disability was measured using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at the time of discharge and was categorized according to favorable clinical outcome (mRS score 0-2). Of the 162 patients, 71 (43.8%) had paroxysmal AF and 91 had permanent AF. Fifty-six patients (34.6%) had been treated with a prophylactic anticoagulant. A total of 103 patients (63.6%) had a favorable outcome. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that paroxysmal AF (odds ratio [OR], 1.58; P = .0187), prestroke anticoagulation treatment (OR, 1.95; P = .0019), and noncardiogenic embolism (OR, 2.20; P = .0073) were independent factors associated with a favorable clinical outcome. Our data indicate that paroxysmal AF and prestroke anticoagulation treatment are independently associated with favorable clinical outcome at the time of hospital discharge in patients with AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Permanent atrial fibrillation
  • antithrombotic treatment
  • disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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