Pretreatment with magnesium sulphate is associated with less succinylcholine-induced fasciculation and subsequent tracheal intubation-induced hemodynamic changes than precurarization with vecuronium during rapid sequence induction

Shigeki Sakuraba, R. Serita, S. Kosugi, L. I. Eriksson, S. G.E. Lindahl, J. Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although it has side effects, succinylcholine is still widely used in rapid sequence induction. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of pretreatment with magnesium and precurarization of vecuronium on succinylcholine-induced fasciculation and subsequent tracheal intubation-induced hemodynamic changes during rapid sequence induction. Fifty-five patients were allocated to three groups by a blinded randomization: Group M received saline 100 ml with magnesium 40 mg·kg-1 for 5 min at 6.5 min before induction and subsequently administered saline 1-2 ml at 1.5 min before induction; Group V received saline 100 ml for 5 min at 6.5 min before induction and subsequently administered vecuronium 0.02mg·kg-1 at 1.5 min before induction; Group C received saline 100 ml for 5 min at 6.5 min before induction and then saline 1-2 ml at 1.5 min before induction. Fasciculation scores and mean percent changes of heart rate, systolic blood pressure and rate pressure product between baseline and after induction were significantly lower in group M than those in group C and group V. Pretreatment with magnesium is more effective to limit succinylcholine-induced fasciculation and subsequent tracheal intubation-induced hemodynamic changes in rapid sequence induction compared with vecuronium pretreatment, although magnesium does not prevent the elevation of serum potassium concentration after induction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-257
Number of pages5
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Belgica
Volume57
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fasciculation
  • Magnesium
  • Rapid sequence induction
  • Succinylcholine
  • Vecuronium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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