Prevalence of Entamoeba nuttalli infection in wild rhesus macaques in Nepal and characterization of the parasite isolates

Hiroshi Tachibana, Tetsuo Yanagi, Chamala Lama, Kishor Pandey, Meng Feng, Seiki Kobayashi, Jeevan B. Sherchand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have recently resurrected the name Entamoeba nuttalli Castellani, 1908 for a potentially virulent ameba isolate, P19-061405, obtained from a rhesus macaque in Kathmandu, Nepal. The ameba was morphologically indistinguishable from Entamoeba histolytica/. Entamoeba dispar/. Entamoeba moshkovskii, but located phylogenetically between E. histolytica and E. dispar. To evaluate the prevalence of E. nuttalli infection in wild rhesus macaques, 112 fecal samples were collected in four locations of the Kathmandu Valley. PCR analysis of DNA extracted from the feces showed positive rates of E. nuttalli, E. dispar, E. histolytica and E. moshkovskii of 51%, 12%, 0% and 0%, respectively. A total of 14 E. nuttalli isolates were obtained from four locations, of which 6 were established as axenic cultures. The sequences of the serine-rich protein gene of E. nuttalli isolates differed among four locations although no differences were found in the composition of sequence motifs. Isoenzyme pattern was analyzed in 8 isolates obtained from three locations. In hexokinase, the mobility of the slower migrating band was located between E. histolytica and E. dispar regardless of the culture conditions. These results demonstrate that E. nuttalli is highly prevalent in wild rhesus macaques in Nepal. Rhesus macaques appear to be one of the natural hosts and heterogeneity of the serine-rich protein gene might be useful for geographical typing of isolates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-235
Number of pages6
JournalParasitology International
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Entamoeba nuttalli
  • Nepal
  • Rhesus macaque
  • Serine-rich protein gene
  • Zymodeme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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