Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and lifestyle characteristics by business type among japanese workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises

Hiroko Hozawa, Ayano Takeuchi, Yuko Oguma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This cross-sectional study investigated the associations of business type with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and lifestyle characteristics among workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises. In total, data from 167,736 workers (114,746 men and 52,990 women) who participated in health checkups in 2013 were analyzed using multilevel logistic regression models. The odds ratios (ORs) of having MetS, defined based on the criteria of the joint interim statement, were significantly higher in employees of transportation businesses (reference OR =1) than in other business types among men (OR: 0.67-0.85) and similar result was observed among women (OR: 0.70-0.88). The prevalence of a smoking habit was significantly higher in transportation workers than in employees of other businesses for both men and women. Furthermore, male transportation workers were more likely to skip breakfast, engage in <1 h/day of walking, walk at a slower speed, and eat dinner just before going to bed. Female transportation workers were more likely to have gained 10 kg since the age of 20 years. In conclusion, the prevalence of MetS was higher in transportation workers than in workers from other businesses; the associated risk factors may also vary by sex. To effectively promote public health, the labor environment, such as the business type, should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-67
Number of pages14
JournalKeio Journal of Medicine
Volume68
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Life Style
Odds Ratio
Environment and Public Health
Logistic Models
Breakfast
Walking
Habits
Meals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Health

Keywords

  • Health risk behaviors
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Occupational health
  • Small business
  • SME

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{7870dc44274d4dd9a63c12bae53c255b,
title = "Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and lifestyle characteristics by business type among japanese workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises",
abstract = "This cross-sectional study investigated the associations of business type with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and lifestyle characteristics among workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises. In total, data from 167,736 workers (114,746 men and 52,990 women) who participated in health checkups in 2013 were analyzed using multilevel logistic regression models. The odds ratios (ORs) of having MetS, defined based on the criteria of the joint interim statement, were significantly higher in employees of transportation businesses (reference OR =1) than in other business types among men (OR: 0.67-0.85) and similar result was observed among women (OR: 0.70-0.88). The prevalence of a smoking habit was significantly higher in transportation workers than in employees of other businesses for both men and women. Furthermore, male transportation workers were more likely to skip breakfast, engage in <1 h/day of walking, walk at a slower speed, and eat dinner just before going to bed. Female transportation workers were more likely to have gained 10 kg since the age of 20 years. In conclusion, the prevalence of MetS was higher in transportation workers than in workers from other businesses; the associated risk factors may also vary by sex. To effectively promote public health, the labor environment, such as the business type, should be considered.",
keywords = "Health risk behaviors, Metabolic syndrome, Occupational health, Small business, SME",
author = "Hiroko Hozawa and Ayano Takeuchi and Yuko Oguma",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2302/kjm.2018-0007-OA",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "54--67",
journal = "Keio Journal of Medicine",
issn = "0022-9717",
publisher = "Keio University School of Medicine",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and lifestyle characteristics by business type among japanese workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises

AU - Hozawa, Hiroko

AU - Takeuchi, Ayano

AU - Oguma, Yuko

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - This cross-sectional study investigated the associations of business type with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and lifestyle characteristics among workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises. In total, data from 167,736 workers (114,746 men and 52,990 women) who participated in health checkups in 2013 were analyzed using multilevel logistic regression models. The odds ratios (ORs) of having MetS, defined based on the criteria of the joint interim statement, were significantly higher in employees of transportation businesses (reference OR =1) than in other business types among men (OR: 0.67-0.85) and similar result was observed among women (OR: 0.70-0.88). The prevalence of a smoking habit was significantly higher in transportation workers than in employees of other businesses for both men and women. Furthermore, male transportation workers were more likely to skip breakfast, engage in <1 h/day of walking, walk at a slower speed, and eat dinner just before going to bed. Female transportation workers were more likely to have gained 10 kg since the age of 20 years. In conclusion, the prevalence of MetS was higher in transportation workers than in workers from other businesses; the associated risk factors may also vary by sex. To effectively promote public health, the labor environment, such as the business type, should be considered.

AB - This cross-sectional study investigated the associations of business type with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and lifestyle characteristics among workers in small- and medium-sized enterprises. In total, data from 167,736 workers (114,746 men and 52,990 women) who participated in health checkups in 2013 were analyzed using multilevel logistic regression models. The odds ratios (ORs) of having MetS, defined based on the criteria of the joint interim statement, were significantly higher in employees of transportation businesses (reference OR =1) than in other business types among men (OR: 0.67-0.85) and similar result was observed among women (OR: 0.70-0.88). The prevalence of a smoking habit was significantly higher in transportation workers than in employees of other businesses for both men and women. Furthermore, male transportation workers were more likely to skip breakfast, engage in <1 h/day of walking, walk at a slower speed, and eat dinner just before going to bed. Female transportation workers were more likely to have gained 10 kg since the age of 20 years. In conclusion, the prevalence of MetS was higher in transportation workers than in workers from other businesses; the associated risk factors may also vary by sex. To effectively promote public health, the labor environment, such as the business type, should be considered.

KW - Health risk behaviors

KW - Metabolic syndrome

KW - Occupational health

KW - Small business

KW - SME

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072675886&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072675886&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2302/kjm.2018-0007-OA

DO - 10.2302/kjm.2018-0007-OA

M3 - Article

C2 - 30555114

AN - SCOPUS:85072675886

VL - 68

SP - 54

EP - 67

JO - Keio Journal of Medicine

JF - Keio Journal of Medicine

SN - 0022-9717

IS - 3

ER -