Prevention of hip fractures by exposure to sunlight and pharmacotherapy in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Jun Iwamoto, Yoshihiro Sato, Kiyoshi Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Takeda, Hideo Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background and aims: Hypovitaminosis D and K due to malnutrition or sunlight deprivation, compensatory hyperparathyroidism, increased bone resorption, low bone mineral density (BMD), and an increased risk of falls may contribute to an increased risk of hip fractures in patients with Alzheimer's disease. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the efficacy of interventions against hip fractures in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Methods: With respect to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding Alzheimer's disease and hip fractures, the literature was searched with PubMed. Results: Three RCTs were identified, and the relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated for individual RCTs. Exposure to sunlight with calcium supplementation, menatetrenone (vitamin K2) plus calcium and vitamin D supplementation, and risedronate plus calcium and vitamin D supplementation improved hypovitaminosis D and hyperparathyroidism, contributing to a reduction in bone resorption. Risedronate itself strongly decreased bone resorption. Menatetrenone also decreased the serum level of undercarboxylated osteocalcin. The three interventions increased metacarpal BMD and reduced the incidence of hip fractures. The respective RRs (95% CI) were 0.22 (0.049-0.999), 0.13 (0.031-0.554), and 0.26 (0.100-0.690). Conclusions: The present study clarified the efficacy of three interventions, including exposure to sunlight, menatetrenone, and risedronate with calcium and/or vitamin D supplementation against hip fractures in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-281
Number of pages5
JournalAging Clinical and Experimental Research
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1



  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Hip fracture
  • Mortality
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin K

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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