Primary hepatocytes from mice lacking cysteine dioxygenase show increased cysteine concentrations and higher rates of metabolism of cysteine to hydrogen sulfide and thiosulfate

Halina Jurkowska, Heather B. Roman, Lawrence L. Hirschberger, Kiyoshi Sasakura, Tetsuo Nagano, Kenjiro Hanaoka, Jakub Krijt, Martha H. Stipanuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxidation of cysteine in mammalian cells occurs by two routes: a highly regulated direct oxidation pathway in which the first step is catalyzed by cysteine dioxygenase (CDO) and by desulfhydration-oxidation pathways in which the sulfur is released in a reduced oxidation state. To assess the effect of a lack of CDO on production of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and thiosulfate (an intermediate in the oxidation of H2S to sulfate) and to explore the roles of both cystathionine γ-lyase (CTH) and cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) in cysteine desulfhydration by liver, we investigated the metabolism of cysteine in hepatocytes isolated from Cdo1-null and wild-type mice. Hepatocytes from Cdo1-null mice produced more H2S and thiosulfate than did hepatocytes from wild-type mice. The greater flux of cysteine through the cysteine desulfhydration reactions catalyzed by CTH and CBS in hepatocytes from Cdo1-null mice appeared to be the consequence of their higher cysteine levels, which were due to the lack of CDO and hence lack of catabolism of cysteine by the cysteinesulfinate-dependent pathways. Both CBS and CTH appeared to contribute substantially to cysteine desulfhydration, with estimates of 56 % by CBS and 44 % by CTH in hepatocytes from wild-type mice, and 63 % by CBS and 37 % by CTH in hepatocytes from Cdo1-null mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1353-1365
Number of pages13
JournalAmino Acids
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cystathionine β-synthase
  • Cystathionine γ-lyase
  • Cysteine
  • Cysteine dioxygenase
  • Hepatocytes
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Mice
  • Thiosulfate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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