Prognostic factors based on clinicopathological data among the patients with resected peripheral squamous cell carcinomas of the lung

Tomonari Kinoshita, Takashi Ohtsuka, Tai Hato, Taichiro Goto, Ikuo Kamiyama, Atsushi Tajima, Katsura Emoto, Yuichiro Hayashi, Mitsutomo Kohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Although the incidence of peripheral squamous cell carcinomas (p-SqCCs) of the lung has increased over recent years, clinicopathological factors influencing prognosis of resected p-SqCCs remain unclear. Methods: We examined 280 patients who underwent complete resection of SqCCs and analyzed the clinicopathological features in relation to their overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) according to the primary location. Results: Multivariate analysis of all stages of p-SqCCs patients revealed that high serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) level (OS; p < 0.01, RFS; p < 0.01), vascular invasion (OS; p < 0.01, RFS; p < 0.01), pleural invasion (OS; p = 0.03, RFS; p = 0.01), nodal metastasis (OS; p = 0.02) and complication with lung disease (OS; p < 0.01) were independently unfavorable prognostic factors. Among stage I p-SqCCs patients, high serum SCC level (OS; p < 0.01, RFS; p < 0.01), vascular invasion (RFS; p < 0.01) and pleural invasion (RFS; p = 0.01) were also strongly correlated with poor prognosis independently. When we reevaluated the survival rate, T1 p-SqCCs with high serum SCC level or vascular invasion can be upgraded to T2a. Patients with stage IB had a significantly poorer prognosis than stage IA (5-year RFS; 61.4 % versus 76.6 %, p < 0.05). Conclusion: High serum SCC level, pleural and vascular invasions were independent poor prognostic factors for completely resected p-SqCCs. T1 p-SqCCs with high serum SCC level or vascular invasion should be upgraded to T2a, which accurately reflect survival status among patients with p-SqCCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1779-1787
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Peripheral squamous cell carcinoma
  • Pleural invasion
  • Vascular invasion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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