Background: Meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial tumors. However, even WHO grade I meningiomas occasionally show local tumor recurrence. Prognostic factors for meningiomas have not been fully established. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported as a prognostic factor for several solid tumors. The prognostic value of NLR in meningiomas has been analyzed in few studies. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study included 160 patients who underwent surgery for meningiomas between October 2010 and September 2017. We analyzed the associations between patients’ clinical data (sex, age, primary/recurrent, WHO grade, extent of removal, tumor location, peritumoral brain edema, and preoperative laboratory data) and clinical outcomes, including recurrence and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Forty-four meningiomas recurred within the follow-up period of 3.8 years. WHO grade II, III, subtotal removal, history of recurrence, Ki-67 labeling index ≥3.0, and preoperative NLR value ≥2.6 were significantly associated with shorter PFS (P < 0.001, < 0.001, 0.002, < 0.001, and 0.015, respectively). Furthermore, NLR ≥ 2.6 was also significantly associated with shorter PFS in a subgroup analysis of WHO grade I meningiomas (P = 0.003). In univariate and multivariate analyses, NLR ≥2.6 remained as a significant predictive factor for shorter PFS in patients with meningioma (P = 0.014). Conclusions: NLR may be a cost-effective and novel preoperatively usable biomarker in patients with meningiomas.
- World Health Organization grade I
- neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
- progression-free survival
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research