Prognostic significance of the postoperative level and recovery rate of serum albumin in patients with curatively resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Yutaka Nakano, Minoru Kitago, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Kiminori Takano, Go Oshima, Ayano Takeuch, Yutaka Endo, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors associated with pre- and postoperative serum albumin levels in patients with curatively resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). To achieve this, the data of patients who underwent pancreatectomy for PDAC between January 1995 and March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, and the pre- and postoperative serum albumin levels at postoperative months (POMs) 3, 6, and 12 were evaluated. The serum albumin recovery rate was also investigated. A total of 196 patients were enrolled in the present study. In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, lymph node metastasis [hazard ratio (HR): 1.65; P=0.022], serum albumin level at POM 12 (≥3.9 g/dl; HR: 0.60; P=0.017), and serum albumin recovery rate at POM 12 (≥1.00; HR: 0.60; P=0.017) were independent prognostic factors for disease-free survival. Lymph node metastasis (HR: 1.79; P=0.013) and serum albumin level at POM 12 (≥3.9 g/dl) (HR: 0.60; P=0.033) were independent prognostic factors for overall survival. These results indicated that the postoperative level and recovery rate of serum albumin are potential biomarkers for predicting the prognosis of patients with curatively resected PDAC. However, further studies are required in order to investigate the survival benefit of increasing postoperative serum albumin levels in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-278
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Clinical Oncology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Prognosis
  • Serum albumin
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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