Background Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an alternative therapy for surgically highrisk patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Although TAVI improves survival of patients with severe AS, the mechanism of this effect remains to be clarified. We investigated the effects of TAVI on left ventricular (LV) function and identified the predictive parameters for cardiac events after TAVI. Methods and results We studied 128 patients with severe symptomatic AS who underwent TAVI. Echocardiographic assessments were performed before and after TAVI. In addition to the conventional echocardiographic parameters such as LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and LV mass index (LVMI), the LV global longitudinal strain (GLS) and early diastolic peak strain rate (SR-E) using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography were also evaluated. All patients were assessed for clinical events including major adverse cardiac events and stroke according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. GLS, early diastolic peak velocity (e'), aortic regurgitation (AR) severity, and SR-E were significantly improved after TAVI. Thirteen patients had an event during the observational period of 591 days (median). Patients with events had higher LVMI, more severe AR, and worse GLS compared to those without events. Furthermore, receiver-operating curve analysis revealed that GLS was the strongest predictor for clinical events (p = 0.009; area under the curve, 0.73). Conclusion Preoperative LV geometric deformation and dysfunction, as a consequence of the cumulative burden of pressure overload, improved after TAVI and could predict cardiac events after TAVI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)