Prolonged Cross-Clamping During Aortic Valve Replacement Is an Independent Predictor of Postoperative Morbidity and Mortality: Analysis of the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database

Kenji Iino, Hiroaki Miyata, Noboru Motomura, Go Watanabe, Shigeyuki Tomita, Hirofumi Takemura, Shinichi Takamoto

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Abstract

Background The present study aimed to determine whether aortic cross-clamp duration (ACCD) was directly related to postoperative morbidity and mortality rates and to identify the inflection point of ACCD for increased mortality and morbidity rates in patients who had undergone isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis. Methods From the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database, we extracted data from 16,272 patients with AS who underwent isolated AVR between January 2008 and December 2012. We evaluated postoperative mortality and morbidity rates after stratifying patients into five groups based on ACCD (<60 minutes, ≥60 to <90 minutes, ≥90 to <120 minutes, ≥120 to <150 minutes, and ≥150 minutes). Results The overall hospital mortality rate was 2.8%. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that the odds ratio for operative mortality increased as ACCD incrementally increased and was markedly higher for ACCD of 150 minutes or longer (odds ratio, 2.68; 95% confidence interval, 1.66 to 4.32; p < 0.001). There were significant increases in risks of reoperation for bleeding for ACCD of120 minutes or longer, stroke for ACCD of 60 minutes or longer, deep sternal infection for ACCD of 120 minutes or longer, ventilation for more than 24 hours for ACCD of 90 minutes or longer, and new requirement for dialysis for ACCD of 150 minutes or longer. Conclusions Prolonged ACCD offers an independent predictor of postoperative morbidity and mortality after isolated AVR for AS despite recent technologic advances and surgical refinements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-609
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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