Prolonged Survival and Restored Useful Life by Early Induction of Intrathecal Chemotherapy in a Patient with Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis from Ovarian Cancer

Kento Takahara, Makoto Katayama, Ryota Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) is a rare but devastating complication of advanced cancer. Breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma are the three most common causes of LMC, whereas it is rare in ovarian cancer. Here, we report the case of a 59-year-old woman who was diagnosed with LMC from ovarian cancer and was successfully treated with intrathecal chemotherapy via Ommaya reservoir and radiation therapy. The patient had an amelioration of symptoms and prolonged survival. Though LMC from ovarian cancer is thought to be rare, it is not going to remain a rare entity because the incidence of LMC in general is thought to be increasing, which is also the case with ovarian cancer. According to 31 cases whose treatment course is reported in literature, despite the absence of an established treatment for LMC, intrathecal (IT) chemotherapy whose survival benefit has been suggested in past studies might also prolong survival in patients with LMC from ovarian cancer. IT chemotherapy via Ommaya reservoir may be preferred to the lumbar puncture route. The presentation of non-specific symptoms of LMC in patients may hinder its diagnosis; however, early diagnosis and treatment induction is the key for patients’ prolonged survival and restored useful life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number748
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Keywords

  • early diagnosis
  • intrathecal chemotherapy
  • leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
  • ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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