Propensity score matching analysis for adverse events of EUS-guided biliary drainage in advanced elderly patients (PEACE study)

Takeshi Ogura, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Nao Fujimori, Eisuke Iwasaki, Kazuma Ishikawa, Tatsunori Satoh, Junichi Kaneko, Junya Sato, Takamasa Oono, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Seiichiro Fukuhara, Atsuto Kayashima, Akitoshi Hakoda, Kazuhide Higuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Several studies have suggested that elderly patients, as well as younger patients, can be safely treated using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has not been clinically evaluated for very elderly patients. The present multicenter, retrospective study aimed to determine the safety of EUS-BD for advanced elderly patients. Method: Patients who underwent EUS-BD during this period were retrospectively enrolled, and they were divided into two groups based on age: group A (age < 75 years) and group B (age ⩾ 75). In this study, capnographic monitoring was used only for elderly patients (age ⩾ 75 years). Results: A total of 271 patients who underwent EUS-BD were enrolled in this study (group A = 177, group B = 94). The types of adverse events that were associated with EUS-BD was observed in 38 patients, and they did not differ significantly between two groups (p = 0.855). This result was confirmed after propensity score matching (p = 0.510). Adverse events were associated with sedation after propensity score matching; hypoxemia (p = 0.012) and severe hypoxemia (p = 0.003) were significantly higher in group A compared with group B. According to logistic regression analysis, monitoring (non-capnography) was also only risk factor (odds ratio: 0.317, 95% confidence interval: 0.143–0.705; p = 0.005) for sedation-related adverse events. Conclusion: In conclusion, EUS-BD could be safety performed in advanced elderly patients, the same as in younger patients. Also, capnographic monitoring might be helpful in case of sedation by a gastroenterologist in a non-intubated patient. Further prospective, randomized studies are needed to confirm these conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • adverse event
  • elderly
  • EUS
  • EUS-guided biliary drainage
  • sedation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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