Adiponectin is an anti-inflammatory molecule released from adipocytes, and serum adiponectin concentrations are reduced in obesity. We previously reported that gastric erosion occurs in association with obesity and low serum adiponectin levels. In the present study, we examined adiponectin-knockout (APN-KO) mice to elucidate the role of adiponectin in gastric mucosal injury. Gastric injury was induced by oral administration of ethanol in wild-type (WT) and APN-KO mice. Ethanol treatment induced severe gastric injury in APN-KO mice compared with WT mice. In APN-KO mice, increased apoptotic cells and decreased expression of prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2) were detected in the injured stomach. We next assessed the effect of adiponectin on the cellular response to ethanol treatment and wound repair in rat gastric mucosal cells (RGM1). Adiponectin induced the expression of PGE 2 and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in ethanol-treated RGM1 cells. RGM1 cells exhibited efficient wound repair accompanied by increased PGE 2 expression in the presence of adiponectin. Coadministration of adiponectin with celecoxib, a COX-2 inhibitor, inhibited efficient wound repair. These findings indicate that adiponectin has a protective role against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury in mice. This effect may be partially mediated by the efficient wound repair of epithelial cells via increased PGE 2 expression.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Apr 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)