Protocol for a prospective multicentre registry cohort study on suicide attempters given the assertive case management intervention after admission to an emergency department in Japan: post-ACTION-J Study (PACS)

Chiaki Kawanishi, Takao Ishii, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Toshifumi Kishimoto, Noa Tsujii, Satoshi Hashimoto, Toshihiko Kinoshita, Masaru Mimura, Yoshiro Okubo, Kotaro Otsuka, Reiji Yoshimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Suicide attempt is the most important risk factor for later suicide. A randomised-controlled, multicentre trial of postsuicide attempt case management for the prevention of further suicide attempts in Japan, named ACTION-J, has established effective interventions for prevention of suicide reattempts. The ACTION-J assertive case management intervention programme was adopted by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in 2016, when medical fees were revised. This nationwide programme is provided to patients who attempt suicide and who are admitted to emergency departments in Japan.The aim of the present study is to examine the current implementation status of the ACTION-J programme. The present study also aims to clarify which patients' and hospitals' factors affect the implementation of the programme.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective, multicentre, patient registry cohort study. Participants will be suicide attempters admitted to the emergency departments of medical facilities with both psychiatry and emergency departments. The assertive case management programme will be delivered to participants by a case manager for up to 24 weeks, based on psychiatric diagnoses, social risks and patient needs. The core feature of the programme is to encourage patients to participate in psychiatric treatment.The primary outcome will be the proportion of patients still participating in the case management intervention at 24 weeks after registration. The secondary outcomes will include measures of the fidelity of the case management intervention. The fidelity will be evaluated using a fidelity assessment manual developed by the study group.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This observational study has been approved by the ethics board of Sapporo Medical University. Enrolment began in October 2016 and will continue until December 2018. Dissemination plans include presentations at scientific conferences and scientific publications.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN000024474.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e020517
JournalBMJ Open
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 4

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Case Management
Suicide
Registries
Hospital Emergency Service
Japan
Cohort Studies
Psychiatry
Medical Fees
Mental Disorders
Ethics
Multicenter Studies
Observational Studies
Publications
Randomized Controlled Trials
Health

Keywords

  • assertive case management
  • cohort
  • intervention
  • psychiatric emergency
  • suicide attempter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Protocol for a prospective multicentre registry cohort study on suicide attempters given the assertive case management intervention after admission to an emergency department in Japan : post-ACTION-J Study (PACS). / Kawanishi, Chiaki; Ishii, Takao; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yamada, Mitsuhiko; Tachikawa, Hirokazu; Kishimoto, Toshifumi; Tsujii, Noa; Hashimoto, Satoshi; Kinoshita, Toshihiko; Mimura, Masaru; Okubo, Yoshiro; Otsuka, Kotaro; Yoshimura, Reiji.

In: BMJ Open, Vol. 8, No. 9, 04.10.2018, p. e020517.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kawanishi, C, Ishii, T, Yonemoto, N, Yamada, M, Tachikawa, H, Kishimoto, T, Tsujii, N, Hashimoto, S, Kinoshita, T, Mimura, M, Okubo, Y, Otsuka, K & Yoshimura, R 2018, 'Protocol for a prospective multicentre registry cohort study on suicide attempters given the assertive case management intervention after admission to an emergency department in Japan: post-ACTION-J Study (PACS)', BMJ Open, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. e020517. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020517
Kawanishi, Chiaki ; Ishii, Takao ; Yonemoto, Naohiro ; Yamada, Mitsuhiko ; Tachikawa, Hirokazu ; Kishimoto, Toshifumi ; Tsujii, Noa ; Hashimoto, Satoshi ; Kinoshita, Toshihiko ; Mimura, Masaru ; Okubo, Yoshiro ; Otsuka, Kotaro ; Yoshimura, Reiji. / Protocol for a prospective multicentre registry cohort study on suicide attempters given the assertive case management intervention after admission to an emergency department in Japan : post-ACTION-J Study (PACS). In: BMJ Open. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 9. pp. e020517.
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