The purpose of the present study was to confirm the structure of scales measuring dominant psychopathologies, such as depression, anxiety, delusional ideation, and obsessional-compulsive disorder, in the context of the view of personality as a predispositional factor. Scales were administered to 362 university students. In Study 1, 14 subscales were subjected to a principal axis factor analysis with oblique rotation. Four factors were obtained. Factor 1 was mainly delusional ideations with negative emotion; Factor 2, depression, anxiety, and 2 psychopathologies of obsessional compulsive disorder; Factor 3, delusional ideation with positive emotion; and Factor 4, 2 psychopathologies of obsessional compulsive disorder. In Study 2, we calculated the correlations among the psychopathology and personality scales, and found that the variables in each factor showed the same pattern of correlation with personality. In Study 3, we used structural equation modeling in order to investigate the correlations among latent variables and personality. Each latent variable showed a different pattern of correlation with personality. We obtained a structure of psychopathology that reflected personality.
- Factor analysis
- Structural equation modeling
- The Five-Factor Model of Personality
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology