Background Postoperative pulmonary complications after major lung resection are strongly associated with mortality. Qualitative findings of emphysema, bronchiectasis, and bronchial wall thickening on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) are indicators of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and may serve as risk factors for pulmonary complications. Methods The subjects were 347 consecutive patients who underwent single lobectomy for pulmonary malignancy from May 2010 to December 2014. Correlations of pulmonary complications with preoperative clinical factors and HRCT findings were retrospectively examined using multivariate logistic regression analysis to compare the predictive ability for pulmonary complications using clinical variables that were reported to be risk factors. Results Patients who had pulmonary complications were more frequently male (p < 0.001), with a greater smoking history (p < 0.001), lower rate of steroid use (p < 0.001), more frequent emphysema on HRCT (p < 0.001), more frequent bronchiectasis on HRCT (p = 0.002), more frequent bronchial wall thickening on HRCT (p < 0.001), and higher rate of extended resection (p = 0.006). In multivariate analysis, HRCT findings (odds ratio [OR] 12.01, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.582 to 25.83, p < 0.001) and extended resection (OR 7.726, 95% CI: 1.678 to 35.57, p = 0.009) were independent risk factors for pulmonary complications. After matching of risk factors between patients with and without pulmonary complication, emphysema (OR 3.394, 95% CI: 1.781 to 6.469, p < 0.001) and bronchial wall thickening (OR 6.250, 95% CI: 2.414 to 16.18, p < 0.001) were independently associated with pulmonary complications in the model with better performance. Conclusions Qualitative findings on HRCT are independent risk factors for pulmonary complications after lobectomy. Preoperative HRCT may be useful to predict pulmonary complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine