Quality of life reported by patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Hajime Sano, Makito Okamoto, Kentaro Ohhashi, Satoshi Iwasaki, Kaoru Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated quality of life (QOL) in the patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multicenter clinical investigation in ten university hospitals. PATIENTS: In total, 167 patients with ISSHL and 134 patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (BSHL; control) were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Short Form Health Survey Version 2 was used to assess the health-related QOL. RESULTS: The average scores of 8 domains and 2 summary components were similar between the 2 groups. All scores except those for bodily pain (BP) in ISSHL patients and BP and vitality in BSHL patients were significantly lower than the Japanese average. Scores for the mental component summary (MCS) were especially low in ISSHL patients. MCS scores of ISSHL patients aged 40 to 49, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, and 70 years or older were significantly lower than the Japanese average for each age group. MCS scores of BSHL patients 70 years or older were significantly lower than the Japanese average. Two-way analysis of variance revealed no significant association of disease (ISSHL and BSHL) and age with MCS score. Interactions were also not significant. The effects of sex, age, hearing level, and time interval from the onset on MCS scores of ISSHL patients were evaluated using multiple regression analysis. Age and time interval from the onset were observed to be significant confounders. CONCLUSION: The QOL of patients with ISSHL deteriorated especially in terms of mental functioning. Similar deterioration was observed in BSHL patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-40
Number of pages5
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan

Fingerprint

Sudden Hearing Loss
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Quality of Life
Bilateral Hearing Loss
Pain
Health Surveys
Hearing
Analysis of Variance
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss
  • Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss
  • Quality of life
  • SF-36

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Quality of life reported by patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. / Sano, Hajime; Okamoto, Makito; Ohhashi, Kentaro; Iwasaki, Satoshi; Ogawa, Kaoru.

In: Otology and Neurotology, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 36-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sano, Hajime ; Okamoto, Makito ; Ohhashi, Kentaro ; Iwasaki, Satoshi ; Ogawa, Kaoru. / Quality of life reported by patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. In: Otology and Neurotology. 2013 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 36-40.
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