We study quantum system dynamics driven by continuous laser fields under the measurement process. In order to take into account the system transition due to the measurement, we define the superoperator which eliminates the coherence relevant to the measured quantum states. We clarify that the dynamics of the measured states is frozen in the frequent measurement limit, while the space spanned by unmeasured states is isolated from the original system. We also derive the effective Liouvillian which governs incoherent population dynamics under the condition, in which measurements are frequently applied. We apply the formulation to two-level and Λ -type three-level systems and clarify how the quantum measurements hinder the coherent population dynamics driven by the continuous laser fields in practical examples. Analysis on the laser field amplitude dependency of the final distribution in the t→∞ limit suggests the possibility of the measurement-assisted quantum control.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry