Quantum fluctuations of chirality in one-dimensional spin-1/2 multiferroics: Gapless dielectric response from phasons and chiral solitons

Shunsuke Furukawa, Masahiro Sato, Yasuhiro Saiga, Shigeki Onoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a quantum theory for one-dimensional spin-1/2 multiferroics, where the vector spin chirality couples with the electric polarization. Based on exact diagonalization and bosonization, it is shown that quantum fluctuations appreciably reduce the chiral ordering amplitude and the associated ferroelectric polarization. This yields nearly collinear spin correlations in short-range scales, in qualitative agreement with recent neutron scattering experiments. There appear gapless chirality excitations described by phasons and new solitons, which can be experimentally verified from the low-energy dielectric response.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123712
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume77
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dielectric response
  • Multiferroics
  • Quantum spin systems
  • Vector spin chirality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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