Quantum vacuum, rotation, and nonlinear fields

Antonino Flachi, Matthew Edmonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we extend previous results on the quantum vacuum or Casimir energy, for a noninteracting rotating system and for an interacting nonrotating system, to the case where both rotation and interactions are present. Concretely, we first reconsider the noninteracting rotating case of a scalar field theory and propose an alternative and simpler method to compute the Casimir energy based on a replica trick and the Coleman-Weinberg effective potential. We then consider the simultaneous effect of rotation and interactions, including an explicit breaking of rotational symmetry. To study this problem, we develop a numerical implementation of zeta-function regularization. Our work recovers previous results as limiting cases and shows that the simultaneous inclusion of rotation and interactions produces nontrivial changes in the quantum vacuum energy. Besides expected changes (where, as the size of the ring increases for fixed interaction strength, the angular momentum grows with the angular velocity), we notice that the way rotation combines with the coupling constant amplifies the intensity of the interaction strength. Interestingly, we also observe a departure from the typical massless behavior where the Casimir energy is proportional to the inverse size of the ring.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025008
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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