Quasi-nambu-Goldstone modes in Bose-Einstein condensates

Shun Uchino, Michikazu Kobayashi, Muneto Nitta, Masahito Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We show that quasi-Nambu-Goldstone (NG) modes, which play prominent roles in high energy physics but have been elusive experimentally, can be realized with atomic Bose-Einstein condensates. The quasi-NG modes emerge when the symmetry of a ground state is larger than that of the Hamiltonian. When they appear, the conventional vacuum manifold should be enlarged. Consequently, topological defects that are stable within the conventional vacuum manifold become unstable and decay by emitting the quasi-NG modes. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, we show that the topological defects are stabilized by quantum fluctuations that make the quasi-NG modes massive, thereby suppressing their emission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230406
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume105
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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