Quick setting property and hydration of Portland cement with accelerating agent based on calcium aluminate

Minoru Takehiro, Seishi Goto, Koji Ioku, Hirotaka Fujimori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The hydration of cement containing quick setting agents, where the setting agents were based on calcium aluminate, was investigated to discuss the relationship between quick setting properties and hydration characteristics of calcium aluminates. The calcium aluminate with different crystallinity and different CaO/Al2O3 molar ratio of 1.74 and 2.53 were synthesized by means of air quenching method. The following results were obtained. (1) A mixture of cement and calcium aluminate without additives did not have quick setting properties. (2) When a quick setter composed as a mixture of calcium aluminate with suitable amount of NaAlO2, Al(OH)3, CaO, Na2CO3 and CaSO4, the addition of 7% of the quick setter for cement mixture with W/C ratio of 0.6 resulted to set the paste within 30 s to 2 min. A mortar with W/C ratio of 0.6 and SO3/CaO ratio of 0.33 set within 10 min. (3) Non-crystallinity and high CaO/Al2O3 molar ratio were very important for quick setter based on calcium aluminate. (4) A cement paste with 7% of quick setter evolved a large amount of heat of initial stage of hydration, which corresponded to the amount of ettringite formed. The larger the heat of hydration, the faster the setting time. In a paste having a good quick setting property, ettringite with 5 to 10 μm in size were formed and these hydration products were well connected each other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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