R-z two-dimensional numerical simulation of frozen inert gas plasma MHD generator

Seiji Nagai, Y. Okuno, Hiromichi Kobayashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In a frozen inert gas plasma (FIP) MHD power generation, the influence of load resistance on the performance, the comparison of the performance with r-θ two-dimensional numerical simulation, and the effect of the non-uniformity of inlet plasma along the direction perpendicular to walls on the performance are examined with r-z two-dimensional numerical simulation. For a low load resistance, the efficiency is reduced because the ionization degree of inert gas ions cannot be kept constant up to the downstream channel. On the other hand, for a high load resistance, the efficiency is reduced owing to the development of the boundary layer. As a result, the optimal load resistance exists. In comparison with r-θ two-dimensional numerical simulation without the boundary layer, the performance estimated from the present r-z two-dimensional numerical simulation can deteriorate, and the optimal inlet ionization degree decreases, while the optimal load resistance increases. The enthalpy extraction ratio increases when the inlet ionization degree in the main flow is higher than that near the walls, while it decreases for the inverse distribution at the inlet, even if the introduced total inlet ionization degree is the same. Here results are attributed to the development of boundary layer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Event34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference 2003 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: 2003 Jun 232003 Jun 26

Other

Other34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference 2003
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period03/6/2303/6/26

Fingerprint

Gas generators
plasma generators
Magnetohydrodynamics
Inert gases
Ionization
rare gases
Plasmas
Boundary layers
Computer simulation
ionization
boundary layers
Magnetohydrodynamic power generation
simulation
Enthalpy
nonuniformity
enthalpy
Ions
ions

Keywords

  • Disk-shaped generator
  • Frozen inert gas plasma
  • MHD power generation
  • Pre-ionization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Nagai, S., Okuno, Y., & Kobayashi, H. (2003). R-z two-dimensional numerical simulation of frozen inert gas plasma MHD generator. In 34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference

R-z two-dimensional numerical simulation of frozen inert gas plasma MHD generator. / Nagai, Seiji; Okuno, Y.; Kobayashi, Hiromichi.

34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference. 2003.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nagai, S, Okuno, Y & Kobayashi, H 2003, R-z two-dimensional numerical simulation of frozen inert gas plasma MHD generator. in 34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference. 34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference 2003, Orlando, FL, United States, 03/6/23.
Nagai S, Okuno Y, Kobayashi H. R-z two-dimensional numerical simulation of frozen inert gas plasma MHD generator. In 34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference. 2003
Nagai, Seiji ; Okuno, Y. ; Kobayashi, Hiromichi. / R-z two-dimensional numerical simulation of frozen inert gas plasma MHD generator. 34th AIAA Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference. 2003.
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