Rally driver’s eye movements when driving the corner on gravel road – differences between world rally championship and national championship drivers

Tomoyasu Hariyama, Takaaki Kato

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We focus on rally drivers’ eye movements and behaviors when they are driving around a corner on a gravel road in this research. Recent studies of visual strategy regarding visual control in driving have been conducted in a driving simulator and on a racing course or paved roads. However, this study was conducted in the real environment of gravel roads and with real vehicles. In this study, the difference between the accomplished and intermediate rally driver’s eye movements and fixation points were defined. The study’s purpose was to understand how expert drivers move their eyes while driving around a corner on a gravel road. Twelve subjects, who were rally drivers in Japan, participated in the experiment; the accomplished driver had won the World Rally Championship (WRC) and was the fast rally driver in Japan. Each subject’s eye movement was measured with mobile eye tracker (Tobii Pro Glasses 2, Tobii, Sweden) and operated at 50 Hz. The eye tracker recordings were analyzed using Frame-By-Frame analysis. This study suggests that the eye movements of accomplished drivers allow them to control the car safely and be conscious of oncoming corners. Furthermore, by looking and thinking ahead like accomplished drivers, the cognitive load associated with driving is likely to decrease; furthermore, it may serve to activate their memories of previous rallies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI
Subtitle of host publicationTransport Ergonomics and Human Factors TEHF, Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics
EditorsYushi Fujita, Sebastiano Bagnara, Riccardo Tartaglia, Sara Albolino, Thomas Alexander
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages174-178
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9783319960739
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
Event20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 2018 Aug 262018 Aug 30

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume823
ISSN (Print)2194-5357

Other

Other20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, IEA 2018
CountryItaly
CityFlorence
Period18/8/2618/8/30

Keywords

  • Driving
  • Eye movement
  • Gaze behavior
  • Gravel
  • Rally

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Hariyama, T., & Kato, T. (2019). Rally driver’s eye movements when driving the corner on gravel road – differences between world rally championship and national championship drivers. In Y. Fujita, S. Bagnara, R. Tartaglia, S. Albolino, & T. Alexander (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018) - Volume VI: Transport Ergonomics and Human Factors TEHF, Aerospace Human Factors and Ergonomics (pp. 174-178). (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Vol. 823). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96074-6_18