Background: Minor myocardial damage after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with cardiac risks, which statins seem to reduce. The aim of this study was to examine whether intensive lipid-lowering therapy is more effective in decreasing the risk of cardiac injury after PCI than moderate lipid-lowering therapy. Methods and Results: Subjects comprised 42 patients with stable angina without previous statin treatment, randomly assigned to either an intensive lipid-lowering group (Group A: target low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) <70 mg/dl) or a moderate lipid-lowering group (Group B: target LDL-C <100 mg/dl) 2 weeks before PCI. All patients took statins to reach target LDL-C levels. Incidence of periprocedural myocardial injury was assessed by analyzing levels of creatine kinase myocardial isozyme (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin T (TnT) before and 6, 12 and 24 h after PCI. Minor myocardial damage was defined as TnT elevation to >0.01 ng/ml. Frequency of minor myocardial damage was 14.2% in Group A and 47.6% in Group B (p=0.043). CK-MB was above the upper limit of normal (ULN) in 19% of Group A and 33.3% of Group B (p=0.44), and CK-MB was >3xULN in 9.5% of Group A and 19% of Group B (p=0.66). Conclusions: Intensive lipid-lowering therapy before PCI reduces minor myocardial damage during PCI with stenting compared with moderate lipid-lowering therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine