Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries

Daichi Kawashima, Masaru Ihara, Tianmeng Shen, Hiroaki Nishi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently, electricity generation requires both fossil energy resources and the supply of renewable energy. In addition, efficient energy management is necessary. This need became more pronounced in Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011. Since then, Japan's power supply has been limited because of the shutdown of nuclear power plants, and this has led to several problems. To deal with this problem, the effective use of renewable energies such as photovoltaic and wind power is required. Since these energy sources are unstable, batteries need to be introduced in the power grid for power supply leveling. However, the financial burden of introducing batteries on the demand side, such as in houses or buildings, is very high. To solve this problem, the required battery capacity needs to be reduced by controlling the air conditioners used by consumers in order to facilitate the peek-shift effect. In this study, we constructed a real-time simulation using a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system that can control air conditioners through power leveling with batteries. We propose two different cooperative demand control methods for comparison. These methods consider consumer comfort and the state of charge (SoC) of the batteries. The aim of this simulation was to compare three cases: no control, battery control, and control of both the air conditioner and the battery by a cooperative demand control method. This simulation showed that the cooperative control method achieves power consumption reduction and power leveling at the same time, which proves that the proposed method can reduce the battery capacity required for power leveling.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)
Pages3588-3593
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event38th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2012 - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: 2012 Oct 252012 Oct 28

Other

Other38th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2012
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, QC
Period12/10/2512/10/28

Fingerprint

Air
Plant shutdowns
Energy management
Energy resources
Wind power
Nuclear power plants
Earthquakes
Electric power utilization
Electricity
Hardware

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Kawashima, D., Ihara, M., Shen, T., & Nishi, H. (2012). Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries. In IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference) (pp. 3588-3593). [6389322] https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2012.6389322

Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries. / Kawashima, Daichi; Ihara, Masaru; Shen, Tianmeng; Nishi, Hiroaki.

IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference). 2012. p. 3588-3593 6389322.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kawashima, D, Ihara, M, Shen, T & Nishi, H 2012, Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries. in IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)., 6389322, pp. 3588-3593, 38th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2012, Montreal, QC, Canada, 12/10/25. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2012.6389322
Kawashima D, Ihara M, Shen T, Nishi H. Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries. In IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference). 2012. p. 3588-3593. 6389322 https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2012.6389322
Kawashima, Daichi ; Ihara, Masaru ; Shen, Tianmeng ; Nishi, Hiroaki. / Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries. IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference). 2012. pp. 3588-3593
@inproceedings{532db9b0491a4537b93f9f0da8ac51c8,
title = "Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries",
abstract = "Currently, electricity generation requires both fossil energy resources and the supply of renewable energy. In addition, efficient energy management is necessary. This need became more pronounced in Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011. Since then, Japan's power supply has been limited because of the shutdown of nuclear power plants, and this has led to several problems. To deal with this problem, the effective use of renewable energies such as photovoltaic and wind power is required. Since these energy sources are unstable, batteries need to be introduced in the power grid for power supply leveling. However, the financial burden of introducing batteries on the demand side, such as in houses or buildings, is very high. To solve this problem, the required battery capacity needs to be reduced by controlling the air conditioners used by consumers in order to facilitate the peek-shift effect. In this study, we constructed a real-time simulation using a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system that can control air conditioners through power leveling with batteries. We propose two different cooperative demand control methods for comparison. These methods consider consumer comfort and the state of charge (SoC) of the batteries. The aim of this simulation was to compare three cases: no control, battery control, and control of both the air conditioner and the battery by a cooperative demand control method. This simulation showed that the cooperative control method achieves power consumption reduction and power leveling at the same time, which proves that the proposed method can reduce the battery capacity required for power leveling.",
author = "Daichi Kawashima and Masaru Ihara and Tianmeng Shen and Hiroaki Nishi",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1109/IECON.2012.6389322",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781467324212",
pages = "3588--3593",
booktitle = "IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Real-time simulation of cooperative demand control method with batteries

AU - Kawashima, Daichi

AU - Ihara, Masaru

AU - Shen, Tianmeng

AU - Nishi, Hiroaki

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Currently, electricity generation requires both fossil energy resources and the supply of renewable energy. In addition, efficient energy management is necessary. This need became more pronounced in Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011. Since then, Japan's power supply has been limited because of the shutdown of nuclear power plants, and this has led to several problems. To deal with this problem, the effective use of renewable energies such as photovoltaic and wind power is required. Since these energy sources are unstable, batteries need to be introduced in the power grid for power supply leveling. However, the financial burden of introducing batteries on the demand side, such as in houses or buildings, is very high. To solve this problem, the required battery capacity needs to be reduced by controlling the air conditioners used by consumers in order to facilitate the peek-shift effect. In this study, we constructed a real-time simulation using a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system that can control air conditioners through power leveling with batteries. We propose two different cooperative demand control methods for comparison. These methods consider consumer comfort and the state of charge (SoC) of the batteries. The aim of this simulation was to compare three cases: no control, battery control, and control of both the air conditioner and the battery by a cooperative demand control method. This simulation showed that the cooperative control method achieves power consumption reduction and power leveling at the same time, which proves that the proposed method can reduce the battery capacity required for power leveling.

AB - Currently, electricity generation requires both fossil energy resources and the supply of renewable energy. In addition, efficient energy management is necessary. This need became more pronounced in Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011. Since then, Japan's power supply has been limited because of the shutdown of nuclear power plants, and this has led to several problems. To deal with this problem, the effective use of renewable energies such as photovoltaic and wind power is required. Since these energy sources are unstable, batteries need to be introduced in the power grid for power supply leveling. However, the financial burden of introducing batteries on the demand side, such as in houses or buildings, is very high. To solve this problem, the required battery capacity needs to be reduced by controlling the air conditioners used by consumers in order to facilitate the peek-shift effect. In this study, we constructed a real-time simulation using a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) system that can control air conditioners through power leveling with batteries. We propose two different cooperative demand control methods for comparison. These methods consider consumer comfort and the state of charge (SoC) of the batteries. The aim of this simulation was to compare three cases: no control, battery control, and control of both the air conditioner and the battery by a cooperative demand control method. This simulation showed that the cooperative control method achieves power consumption reduction and power leveling at the same time, which proves that the proposed method can reduce the battery capacity required for power leveling.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872939243&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872939243&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/IECON.2012.6389322

DO - 10.1109/IECON.2012.6389322

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84872939243

SN - 9781467324212

SP - 3588

EP - 3593

BT - IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)

ER -