Background: Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare inherited disorder that causes the accumulation of protoporphyrin in the erythrocytes, skin, and liver. Severe protoporphyric hepatopathy results in liver failure, requiring both liver and bone marrow transplantation as a life-saving procedure and to correct the underlying enzymatic defect, respectively. Case presentation: We report a 20-year-old man who underwent split liver transplantation using a right trisegment and caudate lobe graft for EPP-induced liver failure, but succumbed to a deadly combination of early relapse of EPP and subsequent, intractable, late-onset bile leakage from the cut surface of segment 4. EPP recurrence most likely created a high-risk situation for bile leakage from the non-communicating bile ducts of segment 4; therefore, this case shed light on the potential relationship between EPP recurrence and biliary complications. Conclusion: Physicians should recognize the potentially rapid and life-threatening progression of protoporphyric hepatopathy that leads to liver failure. For young patients with EPP, LT and sequential BMT should thoroughly be considered by a multidisciplinary team as soon as hepatic reserve deterioration becomes evident. Split liver transplantation should preferably be avoided and appropriate post-transplant management is critical before protoporphyrin depositions to the bile duct and hepatocyte causes irreversible damage to the liver graft.
- bile leakage
- disease recurrence
- erythropoietic protoporphyria
- postoperative management
- split liver transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health