PTPN22 is a critical negative regulator of T cell responses. Its promoter gene variant (rs2488457, -1123G>C) has been reported to be associated with autoimmune diseases. This study analyzed the impact of the . PTPN22 variant on transplantation outcomes in a cohort of 663 patients who underwent unrelated HLA-matched bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for hematologic malignancies through the Japan Marrow Donor Program. The recipient C/C genotype versus the recipient G/G genotype resulted in a lower incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (hazard ratio [HR], 0.50; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.29-0.85; . P = .01), as well as a higher incidence of relapse (HR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.10-2.90; . P = .02), as demonstrated on multivariate analysis. In patients with high-risk disease, the recipient C/C genotype was associated with significantly worse overall survival rates than the recipient G/G genotype (HR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.02-2.51; . P = .04), whereas this effect was absent in patients with standard-risk disease. In addition, the donor G/C genotype was associated with a lower incidence of relapse (HR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.40-0.85), which did not influence survival. Our findings suggest that . PTPN22 genotyping could be useful in predicting prognoses and creating therapeutic strategies for improving the final outcomes of allogeneic BMT.
- Lymphoid specific phosphatase
- Promoter gene variant
- Single nucleotide variation
- Unrelated donor
ASJC Scopus subject areas