Recognition of emotion from moving facial and prosodic stimuli in depressed patients

Y. Kan, Masaru Mimura, K. Kamijimo, Mitsuru Kawamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: It has been suggested that depressed patients have a "negative bias" in recognising other people's emotions; however, the detailed structure of this negative bias is not fully understood. Objectives: To examine the ability of depressed patients to recognise emotion, using moving facial and prosodic expressions of emotion. Methods: 16 depressed patients and 20 matched (non-depressed) controls selected one basic emotion (happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, or disgust) that best described the emotional state represented by moving face and prosody. Results: There was no significant difference between depressed patients and controls in their recognition of facial expressions of emotion. However, the depressed patients were impaired relative to controls in their recognition of surprise from prosodic emotions, judging it to be more negative. Conclusions: We suggest that depressed patients tend to interpret neutral emotions, such as surprise, as negative. Considering that the deficit was seen only for prosodic emotive stimuli, it would appear that stimulus clarity influences the recognition of emotion. These findings provide valuable information on how depressed patients behave in complicated emotional and social situations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1667-1671
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Volume75
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Emotions
Facial Expression
Happiness
Aptitude
Anger
Fear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Recognition of emotion from moving facial and prosodic stimuli in depressed patients. / Kan, Y.; Mimura, Masaru; Kamijimo, K.; Kawamura, Mitsuru.

In: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, Vol. 75, No. 12, 12.2004, p. 1667-1671.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d54a99e8b1bd46e4a796cd3bac3d6e58,
title = "Recognition of emotion from moving facial and prosodic stimuli in depressed patients",
abstract = "Background: It has been suggested that depressed patients have a {"}negative bias{"} in recognising other people's emotions; however, the detailed structure of this negative bias is not fully understood. Objectives: To examine the ability of depressed patients to recognise emotion, using moving facial and prosodic expressions of emotion. Methods: 16 depressed patients and 20 matched (non-depressed) controls selected one basic emotion (happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, or disgust) that best described the emotional state represented by moving face and prosody. Results: There was no significant difference between depressed patients and controls in their recognition of facial expressions of emotion. However, the depressed patients were impaired relative to controls in their recognition of surprise from prosodic emotions, judging it to be more negative. Conclusions: We suggest that depressed patients tend to interpret neutral emotions, such as surprise, as negative. Considering that the deficit was seen only for prosodic emotive stimuli, it would appear that stimulus clarity influences the recognition of emotion. These findings provide valuable information on how depressed patients behave in complicated emotional and social situations.",
author = "Y. Kan and Masaru Mimura and K. Kamijimo and Mitsuru Kawamura",
year = "2004",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1136/jnnp.2004.036079",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "1667--1671",
journal = "Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry",
issn = "0022-3050",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recognition of emotion from moving facial and prosodic stimuli in depressed patients

AU - Kan, Y.

AU - Mimura, Masaru

AU - Kamijimo, K.

AU - Kawamura, Mitsuru

PY - 2004/12

Y1 - 2004/12

N2 - Background: It has been suggested that depressed patients have a "negative bias" in recognising other people's emotions; however, the detailed structure of this negative bias is not fully understood. Objectives: To examine the ability of depressed patients to recognise emotion, using moving facial and prosodic expressions of emotion. Methods: 16 depressed patients and 20 matched (non-depressed) controls selected one basic emotion (happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, or disgust) that best described the emotional state represented by moving face and prosody. Results: There was no significant difference between depressed patients and controls in their recognition of facial expressions of emotion. However, the depressed patients were impaired relative to controls in their recognition of surprise from prosodic emotions, judging it to be more negative. Conclusions: We suggest that depressed patients tend to interpret neutral emotions, such as surprise, as negative. Considering that the deficit was seen only for prosodic emotive stimuli, it would appear that stimulus clarity influences the recognition of emotion. These findings provide valuable information on how depressed patients behave in complicated emotional and social situations.

AB - Background: It has been suggested that depressed patients have a "negative bias" in recognising other people's emotions; however, the detailed structure of this negative bias is not fully understood. Objectives: To examine the ability of depressed patients to recognise emotion, using moving facial and prosodic expressions of emotion. Methods: 16 depressed patients and 20 matched (non-depressed) controls selected one basic emotion (happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, or disgust) that best described the emotional state represented by moving face and prosody. Results: There was no significant difference between depressed patients and controls in their recognition of facial expressions of emotion. However, the depressed patients were impaired relative to controls in their recognition of surprise from prosodic emotions, judging it to be more negative. Conclusions: We suggest that depressed patients tend to interpret neutral emotions, such as surprise, as negative. Considering that the deficit was seen only for prosodic emotive stimuli, it would appear that stimulus clarity influences the recognition of emotion. These findings provide valuable information on how depressed patients behave in complicated emotional and social situations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=10044227486&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=10044227486&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/jnnp.2004.036079

DO - 10.1136/jnnp.2004.036079

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 1667

EP - 1671

JO - Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

SN - 0022-3050

IS - 12

ER -