Reforming the regular employment system: Toward a new norm of job-specific employment contracts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The chief characteristic of Japan's postwar employment system, built around the needs of large corporations, is (a) a higher rate of lifetime employment and (b) deferred compensation, which is reflected in Japan's steeper age-wage profile, and relatively late-stage promotions and late-career tracking relative to comparable nations. However; a key attribute of regular employment in Japan-its indefinite or unrestricted nature-has received less attention than it deserves. Companies make no guarantees regarding regular employees' duties, job locations, and working hours at the time of hiring. All are left indeterminate. The indefinite nature of regular employment is linked to the causes of many employment problems. The diversification of regular employment needs to progress to the point where job-specific' regular employment, in which employees' job contents are clearly defined, becomes the new norm. This article presents some of the policies that must be put in place in order for this shift to occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-72
Number of pages14
JournalSocial Science Japan Journal
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Fingerprint

employment system
employment contract
Japan
job content
employee
working hours
hiring
diversification
corporation
guarantee
wage
promotion
career
cause

Keywords

  • Diversification
  • Employment system
  • Japan
  • Regular worker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Reforming the regular employment system : Toward a new norm of job-specific employment contracts. / Tsuru, Kotaro.

In: Social Science Japan Journal, Vol. 20, No. 1, 01.02.2017, p. 59-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c7fc07bcf17d472b8df126d57f2531d2,
title = "Reforming the regular employment system: Toward a new norm of job-specific employment contracts",
abstract = "The chief characteristic of Japan's postwar employment system, built around the needs of large corporations, is (a) a higher rate of lifetime employment and (b) deferred compensation, which is reflected in Japan's steeper age-wage profile, and relatively late-stage promotions and late-career tracking relative to comparable nations. However; a key attribute of regular employment in Japan-its indefinite or unrestricted nature-has received less attention than it deserves. Companies make no guarantees regarding regular employees' duties, job locations, and working hours at the time of hiring. All are left indeterminate. The indefinite nature of regular employment is linked to the causes of many employment problems. The diversification of regular employment needs to progress to the point where job-specific' regular employment, in which employees' job contents are clearly defined, becomes the new norm. This article presents some of the policies that must be put in place in order for this shift to occur.",
keywords = "Diversification, Employment system, Japan, Regular worker",
author = "Kotaro Tsuru",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/ssjj/jyw045",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "59--72",
journal = "Social Science Japan Journal",
issn = "1369-1465",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reforming the regular employment system

T2 - Toward a new norm of job-specific employment contracts

AU - Tsuru, Kotaro

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - The chief characteristic of Japan's postwar employment system, built around the needs of large corporations, is (a) a higher rate of lifetime employment and (b) deferred compensation, which is reflected in Japan's steeper age-wage profile, and relatively late-stage promotions and late-career tracking relative to comparable nations. However; a key attribute of regular employment in Japan-its indefinite or unrestricted nature-has received less attention than it deserves. Companies make no guarantees regarding regular employees' duties, job locations, and working hours at the time of hiring. All are left indeterminate. The indefinite nature of regular employment is linked to the causes of many employment problems. The diversification of regular employment needs to progress to the point where job-specific' regular employment, in which employees' job contents are clearly defined, becomes the new norm. This article presents some of the policies that must be put in place in order for this shift to occur.

AB - The chief characteristic of Japan's postwar employment system, built around the needs of large corporations, is (a) a higher rate of lifetime employment and (b) deferred compensation, which is reflected in Japan's steeper age-wage profile, and relatively late-stage promotions and late-career tracking relative to comparable nations. However; a key attribute of regular employment in Japan-its indefinite or unrestricted nature-has received less attention than it deserves. Companies make no guarantees regarding regular employees' duties, job locations, and working hours at the time of hiring. All are left indeterminate. The indefinite nature of regular employment is linked to the causes of many employment problems. The diversification of regular employment needs to progress to the point where job-specific' regular employment, in which employees' job contents are clearly defined, becomes the new norm. This article presents some of the policies that must be put in place in order for this shift to occur.

KW - Diversification

KW - Employment system

KW - Japan

KW - Regular worker

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019390407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019390407&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/ssjj/jyw045

DO - 10.1093/ssjj/jyw045

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85019390407

VL - 20

SP - 59

EP - 72

JO - Social Science Japan Journal

JF - Social Science Japan Journal

SN - 1369-1465

IS - 1

ER -