Regulation of water permeability through aquaporin-4

Y. Yukutake, M. Yasui

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a predominant water channel protein in mammalian brains that is distributed with the highest density in the perivascular and subpial astrocyte end-feet. AQP4 is a critical component of an integrated water and potassium homeostasis. Expression and regulation of AQP4 have been studied to understand the roles of AQP4 in physiology and several pathological conditions. Indeed, AQP4 has been implicated in several neurological conditions, such as brain edema and seizure. AQP4 is dynamically regulated at different levels: channel gating, subcellular distribution, phosphorylation, protein-protein interactions and orthogonal array formation. In this review, we focus on the short-term regulation of AQP4. Phosphorylation of AQP4 is important; AQP4 is inhibited when Ser180 is phosphorylated and activated when Ser111 is phosphorylated. AQP4 is also regulated by several metal ions. These metal ions inhibit AQP4 by interacting with the Cys178 residue located in the cytoplasmic loop D, suggesting that AQP4 is regulated by intracellular signaling pathways in response to extracellular stimuli. Recently, it was demonstrated that AQP4 may be inhibited by arylsulfonamides, antiepileptic drugs and other related chemical compounds. Structural analysis of AQP4 may guide a drug design for AQP4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)885-891
Number of pages7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul


  • Arylsulfonamides
  • Metal ions
  • Oocyte
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proteoliposome
  • Water channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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