Immune checkpoint blockade therapy using anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies can unleash anti-tumor immunity and induce durable remission in a variety of human cancers. However, the regulatory mechanisms of PD-L1 expression mediating immune evasion of cancer cells have not been fully elucidated, including the genetic alterations causing PD-L1 overexpression. Recently, we have reported a novel genetic mechanism of immune evasion associated with structural variations (SVs) disrupting the 3' -untranslated region (UTR) of the PD-L1 gene in various malignancies, such as aggressive lymphomas and gastrointestinal cancers. Despite a heterogenous nature of these SVs, they are closely associated with a marked upregulation of PD-L1 expression, which augments tumor growth and escape from anti-tumor immunity. Here we present an overview of the regulatory mechanisms of PD-L1 expression in cancer cells, highlighting the genetic mechanisms of PD-L1 constitutive activation, with specific focus on PD-L1 3' -UTR disruption.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Nov|
- 3' -untranslated region
- Immune evasion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research