Rejuvenation effects of cataract surgery with ultraviolet blocking intra-ocular lens on circadian Rhythm and gait speed

Masahiko Ayaki, Kazuno Negishi, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previously, we reported improvements in sleep quality and gait speed after implantation of a yellow-colored, blue light-blocking intra-ocular lens (IOL). This study evaluated systemic health parameters for 7 months after cataract surgery with implantation of a clear, ultraviolet (UV)-blocking IOL. Methods: A total of consecutive 71 patients (average age 74.1 years) underwent cataract surgery with the implantation of a clear, UV-blocking IOL. Participants were evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25) before and at 2 and 7 months after surgery. Four-meter gait speed was also determined. The metabolic parameters of serum glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), triglycerides (TGs), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were tested. Results: The pre-operative and post-operative (2 and 7 months after surgery) results were 66.4±16.5, 79.5±12.6, and 81.0±13.0 for VFQ-25 score, 5.7±3.5, 5.1±3.1, and 4.8±2.9 for PSQI, and 0.90±0.22, 0.91±0.22, and 0.92±0.22 meters/sec for gait speed. Significant improvements following surgery were noted in the VFQ-25 score for all cases and in the PSQI for poor sleepers (preoperative PSQI >5.5) (P<0.05, paired t-test). The gait speed and metabolic parameters showed no significant changes. Conclusions: Cataract surgery with implantation of an UV-blocking clear IOL has the potential for improving circadian rhythm and systemic health parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalRejuvenation Research
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 1

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Rejuvenation
Crystalline Lens
Circadian Rhythm
Cataract
Sleep
National Eye Institute (U.S.)
Health
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Walking Speed
Triglycerides
Light
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Rejuvenation effects of cataract surgery with ultraviolet blocking intra-ocular lens on circadian Rhythm and gait speed. / Ayaki, Masahiko; Negishi, Kazuno; Tsubota, Kazuo.

In: Rejuvenation Research, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.08.2014, p. 359-365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Previously, we reported improvements in sleep quality and gait speed after implantation of a yellow-colored, blue light-blocking intra-ocular lens (IOL). This study evaluated systemic health parameters for 7 months after cataract surgery with implantation of a clear, ultraviolet (UV)-blocking IOL. Methods: A total of consecutive 71 patients (average age 74.1 years) underwent cataract surgery with the implantation of a clear, UV-blocking IOL. Participants were evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25) before and at 2 and 7 months after surgery. Four-meter gait speed was also determined. The metabolic parameters of serum glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), triglycerides (TGs), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were tested. Results: The pre-operative and post-operative (2 and 7 months after surgery) results were 66.4±16.5, 79.5±12.6, and 81.0±13.0 for VFQ-25 score, 5.7±3.5, 5.1±3.1, and 4.8±2.9 for PSQI, and 0.90±0.22, 0.91±0.22, and 0.92±0.22 meters/sec for gait speed. Significant improvements following surgery were noted in the VFQ-25 score for all cases and in the PSQI for poor sleepers (preoperative PSQI >5.5) (P<0.05, paired t-test). The gait speed and metabolic parameters showed no significant changes. Conclusions: Cataract surgery with implantation of an UV-blocking clear IOL has the potential for improving circadian rhythm and systemic health parameters.",
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