Background: Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EES) is the gold standard for pituitary adenoma (PA) resection. The sphenoid sinus (SS), a highly variable anatomic structure, is located in the center of the cranial base. It has previously been reported that poor pneumatization of the lateral recess of the SS (LRSS) increases the difficulty level of the surgery and the risk of neural and vascular injury. However, to date no studies have evaluated the association between LRSS volume and PAs removal rate by EES. Methods: The present study analyzed 23 consecutive patients with new-onset PAs categorized as Knosp Grades 3 and 4 who underwent EES. A retrospective radiographic analysis was conducted on patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging and high-resolution computed tomography scans. Results: Among PA cases categorized as Knosp 3 and 4, no significant association was found between the whole tumor's resection rate and LRSS volume (R = 0.08, P = 0.70). However, a significant association was found between cavernous sinus (CS) tumors' removal rate and LRSS volume (R = 0.52, P = 0.011). The same results were achieved in PAs with a Knosp Grade 4, with a stronger correlation (R = 0.60, P = 0.014). Conclusion: The development of LRSS pneumatization affects the removal rate of CS tumors in PAs. Preoperative analysis of LRSS development should be considered when planning EES against PA with CS invasion.
- Cavernous sinus
- Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery
- Lateral recess of the sphenoid sinus
- Pituitary adenoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology