Tumor necrosis factor-α is released from cells by a proteolytic cleavage. Previous work suggested that a specific, non-matrix metalloproteinase carries out this cleavage, but matrix metalloproteinases have also been implicated. In this paper, we report that none of the matrix metalloproteinases tested cleaved peptide substrates as specifically as the non-matrix metalloproteinase. A matrix metalloproteinase did process tumor necrosis factor-α extracted from COS cells, but neither tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 nor -2 blocked tumor necrosis factor-α processing by human monocytes. Moreover, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 had at most a partial effect on the in vivo release of the cytokine in mice. We conclude. that a non-matrix metalloproteinase is the major physiological tumor necrosis factor-α convertase.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 Aug 14|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology