Remote Sensing of Heartbeat based on Space Diversity Using MIMO FMCW Radar

Kohei Yamamoto, Koji Endo, Tomoaki Ohtsuki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Remote sensing of heartbeat offers various applications in the medical and health care fields. To realize non-contact heartbeat detection, an FMCW (Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave) radar-based heartbeat detection method has been investigated. The conventional FMCW radar-based heartbeat detection method estimates a range from an FMCW radar to a subject and extracts heartbeat components from phase changes for the range. However, the range suitable for extracting heartbeat components can change over time due to respiration and body fluctuation. Thus, when the SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) of heartbeat components over phase changes is low at the estimated range, the accuracy of heartbeat detection tends to degrade. In this paper, we propose a MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output) FMCW radar-based heartbeat detection method based on space diversity. A MIMO FMCW radar can estimate the range for multiple beam directions and obtain phase changes for a space specified with the range and the beam direction. The SNR of heartbeat components over phase changes differs from one space to another. Taking it into account, the proposed method detects heartbeat by exploiting the space diversity of phase changes. The experimental results showed that compared to the detection method using only one phase change, the proposed method using phase changes for multiple spaces detected heartbeat accurately, which is brought by the diversity effect of phase changes for multiple spaces.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728181042
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2021 - Madrid, Spain
Duration: 2021 Dec 72021 Dec 11

Publication series

Name2021 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2021 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2021
Country/TerritorySpain
CityMadrid
Period21/12/721/12/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Health Informatics

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