Two-photon photoemission (2PPE) spectroscopy has been performed for lead phthalocyanine films on graphite surface. Fully resolved occupied and unoccupied levels and resonant optical transitions between them are characteristics of the film surface. 2PPE peaks due to photoemission from normally unoccupied levels (1ω peaks) and those due to coherent two-photon process from occupied levels (2ω peaks) show unexpected variations in intensities and widths when the pump photon energy crosses the resonances. At around a resonance between molecule-derived levels, we find an intensity switching in which only the 2ω peak appears at photon energy below the resonance, and at above the resonance, the 1ω peak becomes prominent and the 2ω peak becomes very weak. The 1ω peak is broadened with increasing photon energy. These results cannot be interpreted by a simple energy level scheme, and point to further understanding of 2PPE process. Temperature dependence reveals the origin of indirect transitions involving the unoccupied substrate π band. We also demonstrate that resonant 2PPE spectroscopy is effective to probe deeper occupied levels which are not well resolved in one-photon photoemission.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Mar 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics