STI571, an Abl-specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor, selectively kills Bcr-Abl-containing cells in vitro and in vivo. However, some chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell lines are resistant to STI571. We evaluated whether STI571 interacts with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1), and examined the effect of agents that reverse multidrug resistance (MDR) on the resistance to SI571 in MDR cells. STI571 inhibited the [25I]azidoagosterol A-photolabeling of P-gp, but not that of MRP1. K562/MDR cells that overexpress P-gp were 3.67 times more resistant to STI571 than the parental Philadelphia-chromosome-positive (Ph+) CML K562 cells, and this resistance was most effectively reversed by cepharanthine among the tested reversing agents. The concentration of STI571 required to completely inhibit tyrosine phosphorylation in K562/MDR cells was about 3 times higher than that in K562 cells, and cepharanthine abolished the difference. In KB-G2 cells that overexpress P-gp, but not Bcr-Abl, 2.5 μM STI571 partly reversed the resistance to vincristine (VCR), paclitaxel, etoposide (VP-16) and actinomycin D (ACD) but not to Adriamycin (ADM) or colchicine. STI571 increased the accumulation of VCR, but not that of ADM in KB-G2 cells. STI571 did not reverse resistance to any agent in KB/MRP cells that overexpress MRP1. These findings suggest that STI571 is a substrate for P-gp, but is less efficiently transported by P-gp than VCR, and STI571 is not a substrate for MRP1. Among the tested reversing agents that interact with P-gp, cepharanthine was the most effective agent for the reversal of the resistance to STI571 in K562/MDR cells. Furthermore, STI571 itself was a potent reversing agent for MDR in P-gp-expressing KB-G2 cells.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Jun 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research