Purpose: To determine predictive factors for perioperative complications of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) including single-site surgery performed or supervised by experienced laparoscopic surgeons. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 265 consecutive unilateral LAs performed at a single institution from 2001 to 2011. All surgical procedures were performed or supervised by one of two experienced laparoscopic surgeons. The transabdominal approach was used in 248 patients, while a retroperitoneal approach was used in 17 patients. Laparoendoscopic single-site adrenalectomy was performed in 58 patients. Predictive factors for postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: There were no postoperative deaths. At least one postoperative complication occurred in 12 (4.6%) patients. No patient underwent reoperation for a complication. Only one (0.4%) patient's procedure was converted to open surgery, and only this patient needed a blood transfusion during the operation. One patient who underwent laparoendoscopic single-site adrenalectomy had the procedure converted to conventional laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that an American Society of Anesthesiologists-physical status grade 3 or above was the only predictive factor for perioperative complications. Conclusion: American Society of Anesthesiologists-physical status grade 3 or above was a statistically significant factor for perioperative complications associated with laparoscopic adrenalectomy that involved laparoendoscopic single-site adrenalectomy, which was performed or supervised by an experienced laparoscopic surgeon. According to the findings of this retrospective study, single-site operation, obesity, adrenal tumor size, and tumor type may not be considered as risk factors for perioperative complications after LA performed or supervised by an experienced laparoscopic surgeon.
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