Rna tumor virus-like particles in thymus cells of patients with myasthenia gravis

Akira Ono, Toru Higashinakagawa, Shunzo Kondo, Tatsuya Nakamura, Hidetsugu Saito, Hidero Suzuki, Hiroshi Yoshimatsu, Masaru Murakami, Masaharu Tsuchiya

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Abstract

We report here the appearance of retrovirus-like particles in cultured thymus cells from patients with myasthenia gravis. Cell from five patients with myasthenia gravis were examined. Histologically three were thymomas and two were thymus hyperplasias. The thymus cells were co-cultured for 7 days with allogenic B cells pretreated with mitomycin C. Retrovirus-like particles were demonstrated by electron microscopy in 4 cases of myasthenia gravis. These particles were detected in thymus epithelial cells. In 4 cases of myasthenia gravis examined, reverse transcriptase activity sedimenting at a density of 1.15-1.17 g/cm3 in sucrose density gradients was eluted in the culture fluids. These results suggest that in myasthenic thymuses, retroviruses that can be induced, following a proliferative stimulus, may be involevd in the genesis of thymic disorders, and in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
JournalThe Keio journal of medicine
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

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Myasthenia Gravis
Retroviridae
Virion
Thymus Gland
Thymus Hyperplasia
Thymoma
RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Muscle Weakness
Mitomycin
Sucrose
Cultured Cells
Electron Microscopy
B-Lymphocytes
Epithelial Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ono, A., Higashinakagawa, T., Kondo, S., Nakamura, T., Saito, H., Suzuki, H., ... Tsuchiya, M. (1983). Rna tumor virus-like particles in thymus cells of patients with myasthenia gravis. The Keio journal of medicine, 32, 49-57. https://doi.org/10.2302/kjm.32.49

Rna tumor virus-like particles in thymus cells of patients with myasthenia gravis. / Ono, Akira; Higashinakagawa, Toru; Kondo, Shunzo; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Saito, Hidetsugu; Suzuki, Hidero; Yoshimatsu, Hiroshi; Murakami, Masaru; Tsuchiya, Masaharu.

In: The Keio journal of medicine, Vol. 32, 1983, p. 49-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ono, A, Higashinakagawa, T, Kondo, S, Nakamura, T, Saito, H, Suzuki, H, Yoshimatsu, H, Murakami, M & Tsuchiya, M 1983, 'Rna tumor virus-like particles in thymus cells of patients with myasthenia gravis', The Keio journal of medicine, vol. 32, pp. 49-57. https://doi.org/10.2302/kjm.32.49
Ono, Akira ; Higashinakagawa, Toru ; Kondo, Shunzo ; Nakamura, Tatsuya ; Saito, Hidetsugu ; Suzuki, Hidero ; Yoshimatsu, Hiroshi ; Murakami, Masaru ; Tsuchiya, Masaharu. / Rna tumor virus-like particles in thymus cells of patients with myasthenia gravis. In: The Keio journal of medicine. 1983 ; Vol. 32. pp. 49-57.
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AB - We report here the appearance of retrovirus-like particles in cultured thymus cells from patients with myasthenia gravis. Cell from five patients with myasthenia gravis were examined. Histologically three were thymomas and two were thymus hyperplasias. The thymus cells were co-cultured for 7 days with allogenic B cells pretreated with mitomycin C. Retrovirus-like particles were demonstrated by electron microscopy in 4 cases of myasthenia gravis. These particles were detected in thymus epithelial cells. In 4 cases of myasthenia gravis examined, reverse transcriptase activity sedimenting at a density of 1.15-1.17 g/cm3 in sucrose density gradients was eluted in the culture fluids. These results suggest that in myasthenic thymuses, retroviruses that can be induced, following a proliferative stimulus, may be involevd in the genesis of thymic disorders, and in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis.

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