Robust Recovery of Jointly-Sparse Signals Using Minimax Concave Loss Function

Kyohei Suzuki, Masahiro Yukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a robust approach to recovering jointly sparse signals in the presence of outliers. The robust recovery task is cast as a convex optimization problem involving a minimax concave loss function (which is weakly convex) and a strongly convex regularizer (which ensures the overall convexity). The use of the nonconvex loss makes the problem difficult to solve directly by the convex optimization methods even with the well-established firm shrinkage. We circumvent this difficulty by reformulating the problem via the Moreau decomposition so that the objective function becomes a sum of convex functions that can be minimized by the primal-dual splitting method. The parameter designs/ranges for the present specific case are derived to ensure the convergence. We demonstrate the remarkable robustness of the proposed approach against outliers by extensive simulations to the application of multi-lead electrocardiogram as well as synthetic data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9296314
Pages (from-to)669-681
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Robustness
  • feature selection
  • jointly sparse signals
  • minimax concave function
  • multi-lead electrocardiogram
  • multiple measurement vector problem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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