Role and function of noble-metal/Cr-layer core/shell structure cocatalysts for photocatalytic overall water splitting studied by model electrodes

Masaaki Yoshida, Kazuhiro Takanabe, Kazuhiko Maeda, Akio Ishikawa, Jun Kubota, Yoshihisa Sakata, Yasunari Ikezawa, Kazunari Domen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanism of hydrogen evolution by a core/shell noble-metal/Cr 2O3 particulate as a highly efficient cocatalyst for overall water splitting under visible light using the photocatalyst (Ga 1-xZnx)(N1-xOx) is investigated by electrochemical and in situ spectroscopic measurements of model electrodes. The electrodes are prepared by electrochemical deposition of 1.8-3.5 nm thick Cr2O3 films on Rh and Pt plates and are evaluated as model systems of Rh/Cr2O3 and Pt/Cr2O3 core/shell particulates, which have previously been applied effectively as cocatalysts for hydrogen evolution in this system. Proton adsorption/desorption and H2 evolution currents are observed for both the Cr 2O3-coated and the bare electrodes, and the infrared absorption band due to Pt-H stretching (2039 cm-1) is apparent for both the coated and the bare electrodes. These observations indicate that the Cr2O3 layer does not interfere with proton reduction or hydrogen evolution and that proton reduction takes place at the Cr 2O3/Pt interface. However, the reduction of oxygen to water is suppressed only in the Cr2O3-coated samples. The Cr2O3 layer is thus permeable to protons and the evolved hydrogen molecules, but not to oxygen. Cocatalyst modification by thin films with this type of functionality thus appears to be a useful strategy for improving the efficiency of photocatalytic overall water splitting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10151-10157
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume113
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 11
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

water splitting
Precious metals
noble metals
Protons
Hydrogen
Electrodes
electrodes
protons
Water
hydrogen
particulates
Oxygen
Infrared absorption
oxygen
Photocatalysts
Thick films
infrared absorption
Stretching
thick films
Absorption spectra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Role and function of noble-metal/Cr-layer core/shell structure cocatalysts for photocatalytic overall water splitting studied by model electrodes. / Yoshida, Masaaki; Takanabe, Kazuhiro; Maeda, Kazuhiko; Ishikawa, Akio; Kubota, Jun; Sakata, Yoshihisa; Ikezawa, Yasunari; Domen, Kazunari.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 113, No. 23, 11.06.2009, p. 10151-10157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoshida, Masaaki ; Takanabe, Kazuhiro ; Maeda, Kazuhiko ; Ishikawa, Akio ; Kubota, Jun ; Sakata, Yoshihisa ; Ikezawa, Yasunari ; Domen, Kazunari. / Role and function of noble-metal/Cr-layer core/shell structure cocatalysts for photocatalytic overall water splitting studied by model electrodes. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2009 ; Vol. 113, No. 23. pp. 10151-10157.
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