Role of ATP as a key signaling molecule mediating radiation-induced biological effects

Shuji Kojima, Yasuhiro Ohshima, Hiroko Nakatsukasa, Mitsutoshi Tsukimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) serves as a signaling molecule for adaptive responses to a variety of cytotoxic agents and plays an important role in mediating the radiation stress-induced responses that serve to mitigate or repair the injurious effects of γ radiation on the body. Indeed, low doses of radiation may have a net beneficial effect by activating a variety of protective mechanisms, including antitumor immune responses. On the other hand, ATP signaling may be involved in the radiation resistance of cancer cells. Here, focusing on our previous work, we review the evidence that low-dose γ irradiation (0.25-0.5 Gy) induces release of extracellular ATP, and that the released ATP mediates multiple radiation-induced responses, including increased intracellular antioxidant synthesis, cell-mediated immune responses, induction of DNA damage repair systems, and differentiation of regulatory T cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDose-Response
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ATP signaling
  • Adaptive response
  • Antioxidant
  • Cell-mediated antitumor immunity
  • Low-dose ionizing radiation
  • Radioresistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Chemical Health and Safety

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